With an engaged government, rich natural resources and a young and diverse population, Afghanistan has the potential to make significant progress on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. However, decades of complex and protracted conflicts, combined with a changing climate, gender inequalities, rapid urbanization and underemployment pose considerable challenges in efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including SDG 2 on Zero Hunger and improved nutrition.
Over half of the country’s population lives below the poverty line, and food insecurity is on the rise, largely due to conflict and insecurity cutting off whole communities from livelihood opportunities. This particularly affects a predominantly young population, more than two-thirds of which are under the age of 25. Concerns about corruption, transparency and illegal industry further exacerbate the situation, and living standards vary greatly between those cities and rural areas. 12.5 million people identified as severely food insecure. Since the beginning of 2019, WFP had supported 3.5 million people in most parts of the country.
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