Mir Ghulam Muhammad Ghobar was a social-democratic politician, writer, prominent historian, journalist, and a poet from Afghanistan. He is the author of a number of books, including Afghanistan's history book called Afghanistan in the Course of History. He has also written Tareekh-e Ahmad Shah Baba in 1943, which is about the 18th century Afghan Emir Ahmad Shah Durrani and his Durrani Empire.
Ghobar was born in or about 1897 in the city of Kabul, in Afghanistan.He spent some of his time in the cities of Kandahar and Farah, in the south of the country where he wrote several of his books. He was fluent in Persian and Pashto languages.
Khorasan sometimes called Greater Khorasan, is a historical region that formed the northeast province of Greater Iran. The name signifies "the Land of the Sun" or "the Eastern Province".
Khorasan comprised the present territories of northeastern Iran, parts of Afghanistan, and much of Central Asia. The province was often subdivided into four quarters. Nishapur (present-day Iran), Marv (presentday Turkmenistan), Herat and Balkh (present-day Afghanistan) were the centers, respectively, of the westernmost, northernmost, southernmost, and easternmost quarters. :645 In the north, Khorasan stretched as far as the Oxus, and according to some descriptions, included Transoxiana (Bukhara and Samarqand in present-day Uzbekistan). Along the north, it extended westward to the Caspian coast.
Early Islamic usage often regarded everywhere east of so-called Jibal or what was subsequently termed "Iraq Ajami" (Persian Iraq), as being included in a vast and loosely-defined region of Khorasan, which might even extend to the Indus Valley and Sindh. The boundary between these two was the region surrounding the cities of Gurgan and Qumis. In particular, the Ghaznavids, Seljuqs, and Timurids divided their empires into 'Iraqi' and 'Khorasani' regions. Khorasan is believed to have been bounded in the southwest by desert and the town of Tabas, known as "the Gate of Khorasan", 562 from which it extended eastward to the mountains of central Afghanistan. Sources from the 10th-century onwards refer to areas in the south of the Hindu Kush as the Khorasan Marches, forming a frontier region between Khorasan and Hindustan.
Greater Khorasan is today sometimes used to distinguish the larger historical region from the modern Khorasan Province of Iran (1906–2004), which roughly encompassed the western half of the historical Greater Khorasan.
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