Martin Heidegger 26 September 1889 – 26 May 1976) was a key German philosopher of the 20th century. He is best known for contributions to phenomenology, hermeneutics, and existentialism. In Heidegger's fundamental text Being and Time (1927), "Dasein" is introduced as a term for the type of being that humans possess.Dasein has been translated as "being there". Heidegger believes that Dasein already has a "pre-ontological" and non-abstract understanding that shapes how it lives. This mode of being he terms "being-in-the-world". Commentators have noted that Dasein and "being-in-the-world" are unitary concepts in contrast with the "subject/object" view of rationalist philosophy since at least René Descartes. Heidegger uses an analysis of Dasein to approach the question of the meaning of being, which Heidegger scholar Michael Wheeler describes as "concerned with what makes beings intelligible as beings". Heidegger was a member and supporter of the Nazi Party. There is controversy as to the relationship between his philosophy and his Nazism.
Heidegger was born in rural Meßkirch, Baden-Württemberg, the son of Johanna (Kempf) and Friedrich Heidegger. Raised a Roman Catholic, he was the son of the sexton of the village church that adhered to the First Vatican Council of 1870, which was observed mainly by the poorer class of Meßkirch. His family could not afford to send him to university, so he entered a Jesuit seminary, though he was turned away within weeks because of the health requirement and what the director and doctor of the seminary described as a psychosomatic heart condition. Heidegger was short and sinewy, with dark piercing eyes. He enjoyed outdoor pursuits, being especially proficient at skiing. Studying theology at the University of Freiburg while supported by the church, later he switched his field of study to philosophy. Heidegger completed his doctoral thesis on psychologism in 1914,influenced by Neo-Thomism and Neo-Kantianism, directed by Arthur Schneider. In 1916, he finished his venia legendi with a habilitation thesis on Duns Scotus directed by the Neo-Kantian Heinrich Rickert and influenced by Edmund Husserl's phenomenology. In the two years following, he worked first as an unsalaried Privatdozent then served as a soldier during the final year of World War I; serving "the last ten months of the war" with "the last three of those in a meteorological unit on the western front".
Martin Heidegger and his wife Alfriede Heidegger in letters they have written to each other for 55 years They have talked about their personal feelings for each other all these years. Always the personal life and private feelings of men who live by belief and ideal It has been the subject of many discussions in intellectual forums. There is a lot of talk about Heidegger, but this book deals with angles where emotions Makes him visible. Reading these letters, in addition to showing the difficulties that the two have had throughout their lives, shows It shows what a tender and moist feeling a person like Heidegger had and what a deep love for him He had a wife, although this love did not prevent him from betraying her, even in his letters. Explains why a thinker needs to have different love experiences and this Of course, he does not diminish his love for his wife and family. But his wife's letters are also full of romantic moments, interpretations and expressions, although a letter Which Heidegger's son published after the death of his mother, tones of gray on the whiteness of this love.
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