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2021-11-17 07:54:49


Viktor Emil Frankl (26 March 1905 – 2 September 1997)was an Austrian neurologist, psychiatrist, philosopher, author, and Holocaust survivor. He was the founder of logotherapy, a school of psychotherapy which describes a search for a life meaning as the central human motivational force. Logotherapy is part of existential and humanistic psychology theories. Logotherapy was recognized as the third school of Viennese Psychotherapy; the first school was created by Sigmund Freud, and the second by Alfred Adler. Frankl published 39 books The autobiographical Man's Search for Meaning, a best-selling book, is based on his experiences in various Nazi concentration camps.


Frankl was born the middle of three children to Gabriel Frankl, a civil servant in the Ministry of Social Service, and Elsa (née Lion). His interest in psychology and the role of meaning developed when he began taking night classes on applied psychology while in junior high school. As a teenager he began corresponding with Sigmund Freud, when he asked for permission to publish one of his papers. After graduation from high school in 1923, he studied medicine at the University of Vienna. During his studies, he specialized in neurology and psychiatry, with a focus on depression and suicide. In 1924, Frankl's first scientific paper was published in The International Journal of Psychoanalysis.In the same year, he was president of the Sozialistische Mittelschüler Österreich, the Social Democratic Party of Austria's youth movement for high school students.During this time Frankl began questioning the Freudian approach to psychoanalysis. He joined Alfred Adler's circle of students and had his second scientific paper, Psychotherapy and Worldview (Psychotherapie und Weltanschauung) published in Adler's International Journal of Individual Psychology in 1925.Frankl was expelled from Adler's circle when he insisted that meaning was the central motivational force in human beings. From 1926, he began refining his theory, which he termed logotherapy.


The summary of Man in Search of Meaning is ready: "It was first published in 1946, just one year after the end of World War II and the liberation of the famous writer and psychologist Victor Emile Frankel from the Nazi concentration camp. The result of Frankel's memoirs and psychological treatise was published in a book entitled A Gift for Everyone to Find Meaning in Their Lives. Immediately after a decade, man in search of meaning has become one of the most influential books of the twentieth century; Be mindful.

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